Researchers of Traditional, Complementary, Alternative, & Integrative Medicine and Health

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Mucuna pruriens in Parkinson Disease: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled, Crossover Study

To investigate whether Mucuna pruriens (MP), a levodopa-containing leguminous plant growing in all tropical areas worldwide, may be used as alternative source of levodopa for indigent individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) who cannot afford long-term therapy with marketed levodopa preparations. Read more here.

Impact of Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaf Powder Supplementation versus Nutritional Counseling on the Body Mass Index and Immune Response of HIV Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy: A Single-Blind Randomized Control Trial

To achieve effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) outcomes, adherence to an antiretroviral regimen and a good immunometabolic response are essential. Food insecurity can act as a real barrier to adherence to both of these factors. Many people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) treated with ART in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are faced with nutritional challenges. A significant proportion are affected by under nutrition, which frequently leads to therapeutic failure. Some HIV care facilities recommend supplementation with Moringa oleifera (M.O.) Lam.

A Comparison of the Effects of Exercises plus Connective Tissue Massage to Exercises Alone in Women with Fibromyalgia Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial

This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a 6-week combined exercise program with and without connective tissue massage (CTM) on pain, fatigue, sleep problem, health status, and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Patients were randomly allocated into Exercise (n = 20) and Exercise + CTM (n = 20) groups. The exercise program with and without CTM was carried out 2 days a week for 6 weeks. Pain, fatigue, sleep problem with Visual Analog Scales, health status with Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), and quality of life with Short Form-36 were evaluated.

Effects of Acupoint-Stimulation for the Treatment of Primary Dysmenorrhoea Compared with NSAIDs: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 19 RCTs

Primary dysmenorrhoea (PD), defined as painful menses in women with normal pelvic anatomy, is one of the most common gynaecological syndromes. Acupoint-stimulation could potentially be an effective intervention for PD. Our aim was to determine the effectiveness of acupoint-stimulation compared with Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NASIDs) in the treatment of PD. Read more here.

Safety of Intravenously Applied Mistletoe Extract – Results from a Phase I Dose Escalation Study in Patients with Advanced Cancer

Mistletoe extracts have anti-tumor properties and are approved for subcutaneous use in cancer patients. Data on Intravenous application are limited. Read more here.

The Effects of Yoga among Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effects of yoga for glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Comprehensive electronic databases searches located 2559 unique studies with relevant key terms. Studies were included if they (1) evaluated a yoga intervention to promote T2DM management, (2) used a comparison group, (3) reported an objective measure of glycemic control at post-intervention, and (4) had follow-up length or post-test of at least 8 weeks from baseline.

Prevalence of Complementary and Alternative Medicine and Herbal Remedy Use in Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Women: Results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation

To investigate the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use, including botanical/herbal remedies, among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), New Jersey site. We also examined whether attitudes toward CAM and communication of its use to providers differed for Hispanic and non-Hispanic women. Read more here.

Building a Reiki and Healing Touch Volunteer Program at an Academic Medical Center

As the patient experience gains more attention, hospitals are responding by offering a broader range of options to support patient health and healing. One type of integrative therapy is biofield therapy or energy-based therapy and includes practices of Reiki and Healing Touch. At 1 large Midwest medical center, a small group of care providers came together to address increasing patient interest and requests for Reiki and Healing Touch. The group developed a volunteer program in response.

Early Folic Acid Supplement Initiation and Risk of Adverse Early Childhood Respiratory Health: A Population-based Study

Folate plays a vital role in biologic functions yet women often do not meet the recommended dietary intake in pregnancy. It has been suggested that high folic acid intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of respiratory diseases in offspring. However, findings from observational studies in human populations are inconclusive. Read more here.

A Qualitative Investigation of Australian Psychologists' Perceptions about Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Use in Clinical Practice

This study explored psychologists' knowledge of, attitude toward, and experience with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use for clinical purposes. Using a qualitative design, 18 Australian psychologists participated in a semi-structured interview. Psychologists had some understanding about CAM; yet, there was a mismatch between their perceived and actual knowledge. While psychologists were, in general, open toward using CAM with clients they were also sceptical.

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