Researchers of Traditional, Complementary, Alternative, & Integrative Medicine and Health

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Complementary Medicine Use among General Internal Medicine Inpatients in a Swiss University Hospital

Complementary Medicine (CM) is frequently used by the general population, but data about prevalence among hospitalised patients are scarce. We evaluated the prevalence and determinants of CM use by inpatients, lifetime, 2 months before and during their hospitalisation in a general internal medicine ward. Read more here.

Assessment of Herbal Drugs for Promising Anti-Candida Activity

Microbial infections are diverse and cause serious human diseases. Candida albicans infections are serious healthcare-related infections that are complicated by its morphological switching from yeast to hyphae, resistant biofilm formation and mixed infections with bacteria. Due to the increase in drug resistance to currently used antimicrobial agents and the presence of undesirable side effects, the need for safe and effective novel therapies is important. Compounds derived from plants are known for their medicinal properties including antimicrobial activities.

Anti-Depressant and Anxiolytic Potential of Acacia hydaspica R. Parker Aerial Parts Extract: Modulation of Brain Antioxidant Enzyme Status

Oxidative stress may link to psychiatric disorders, and is being regarded as a plausible mechanism that can affect the regulation of these illnesses. The present study was undertaken to investigate the antidepressant and anxiolytic potential of A. hydaspica R. parkers. Brain oxidative stress enzyme levels were analyzed to correlate depression and stress with brain antioxidant status. Read more here.

An Evaluation of a Multi-strain Probiotic Supplement on General Wellness in Healthy Adults: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Dose-Response Study

Although many species of bacteria have been evaluated and marketed as probiotics, little work has examined the dose-response effects of probiotics on microbiota and host. A probiotic formulation, containing Lactobacillus helveticus R0052, Lactobacillus rhamnosus R0011, Lactobacillus casei R0215, Pediococcus acidilactici R1001, Bifidobacterium breve R0070, Bifidobacterium longum BB536, Lactobacillus plantarum R1012 and Lactobacillus lactis ssp. lactis R1058, is currently marketed in the U.S. at 5 billion colony forming units (CFU)/capsule and 25 billion CFU/capsule doses.

Relationship Between Falls and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults

The objective of this study was to examine the potential relationship between different forms of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use and falls among older adults in New York City (NYC). Read more here.

Prenatal Listening to Songs Composed for Pregnancy and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression: A Pilot Study

Prenatal anxiety and depression are distressing for the expectant mother and can have adverse effects on her fetus and subsequently, her child. This study aimed to determine whether listening to specially composed songs would be an effective intervention for reducing symptoms of prenatal anxiety and depression. Read more here.

Prevalence and Characteristics of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use by Australian Children

This study was conducted to evaluate the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among Australian children within the previous 12 months. Read more here.

Herbal Medicines for Gastrointestinal Disorders in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Gastrointestinal disorders are common childhood complaints. Particular types of complementary and alternative medicine, such as herbal medicine, are commonly used among children. Research information on efficacy, safety, or dosage forms is still lacking. Read more here.

A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR[BC]) on Levels of Inflammatory Biomarkers Among Recovering Breast Cancer Survivors

The purpose of this substudy of a large randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (Breast Cancer) (MBSR[BC]) program compared to usual care (UC) in normalizing blood levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines among breast cancer survivors (BCS). Read more here.

Effect of a 16-Week Bikram Yoga Program on Heart Rate Variability and Associated Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Stressed and Sedentary Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Chronic activation of the stress-response can contribute to cardiovascular disease risk, particularly in sedentary individuals. This study investigated the effect of a Bikram yoga intervention on the high frequency power component of heart rate variability (HRV) and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (i.e. additional domains of HRV, hemodynamic, hematologic, anthropometric and body composition outcome measures) in stressed and sedentary adults.