Researchers of Traditional, Complementary, Alternative, & Integrative Medicine and Health

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Reporting of Positive Results in Randomized Controlled Trials of Mindfulness-Based Mental Health Interventions

A large proportion of mindfulness-based therapy trials report statistically significant results, even in the context of very low statistical power. The objective of the present study was to characterize the reporting of “positive” results in randomized controlled trials of mindfulness-based therapy. We also assessed mindfulness-based therapy trial registrations for indications of possible reporting bias and reviewed recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses to determine whether reporting biases were identified.

Chinese Herbal Medicine as Adjunctive Therapy to Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been increasingly employed during therapy for breast cancer, but its efficacy remains a matter of debate. This systematic review examined randomized controlled trials to provide a critical evaluation of this treatment. The results demonstrated that the combined use of CHM with chemotherapy may improve the immediate tumor response and reduce chemotherapy-associated adverse events. Our findings highlight the poor quality of Chinese studies, and additional well-designed randomized controlled trials addressing the role of CHM are warranted.

Perceptions, Uses of, and Interests in Complementary Health Care Approaches in Depressed Pregnant Women: The PAW Survey

Depression affects up to 23% of pregnant women and is associated with adverse physical/mental health outcomes for both the mother and baby. Depressed pregnant women may be more likely to engage in unhealthy lifestyle behaviors that contribute to an increased risk for chronic disease. Little is known regarding depressed pregnant women’s perceptions, uses of, and interests in complementary health approaches. Study participants (mean age 28.7 ± 6.8; n = 1032) included pregnant women ≥8 weeks gestation who responded to a survey assessing physical and mental health and wellness practices.

Implementation of Evidence-Based practice: A Naturopath Perspective

Evidence-based practice (EBP), an approach to clinical practice that places emphasis on the use of best available research evidence for decision-making, has been adopted broadly in clinical practice. As a patient-focused approach, EBP promotes the spirit of inquiry. It can also facilitate consistency of care across professional boundaries, and clarify the directions of research. However, over-emphasis on systematic reviews and randomised control trials as the “gold standard” for evidence is a major limitation of EBP as it is being practised today.

Safety Classification of Herbal Medicines Used In Pregnancy in a Multinational Study

The use of herbal medicines for health prevention and ailments is an increasing trend worldwide. Women in pregnancy are no exception; the reported prevalence of herbal medicine use in pregnancy ranges from 1 to 60 %. Despite a common perception of safety, herbal medicines may have potent pharmacological actions, and historically, have been used for this reason. Read more here.

Hypertonic Dextrose Injection (Prolotherapy) For Knee Osteoarthritis: Long Term Outcomes

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common, debilitating chronic disease. Prolotherapy is an injection therapy for chronic musculoskeletal pain. Recent 52-week randomized controlled and open label studies have reported improvement of knee OA-specific outcomes compared to baseline status, and blinded saline control injections and at-home exercise therapy (p < 0.05). However, long term effects of prolotherapy for knee OA are unknown. We therefore assessed long-term effects of prolotherapy on knee pain, function and stiffness among adults with knee OA.

Acupuncture As an Integrative Approach for the Treatment of Hot Flashes in Women With Breast Cancer: A Prospective Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial (AcCliMaT)

A recently published study sought to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture for the management of hot flashes in women with breast cancer. Read more here.

Self-Management of Stress with Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Factors That Influence and Inform Decision Making—A Systematic Review of the Literature

Stress, sometimes referred to as psychological distress, is common in Australia and many people choose to self-medicate by purchasing over-the-counter complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) products from pharmacies. Read more here.

Anti-Tumor Effect of Hot Aqueous Extracts from Sonchus Oleraceus (L.) L. and Juniperus Sabina L – Two Traditional Medicinal Plants in China

Sonchus oleraceus (L.) L (SO) and Juniperus sabina L (JS) are traditional medicinal plants in China. And the aqueous extracts of them have been used to treat tumor, inflammatory diseases, infection and so on in Chinese folk culture. However, the underlying mechanisms of their anti-tumor activities have not been illustrated yet. Read more here.

Complementary Therapies for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Complementary therapies, such as home-based pulmonary rehabilitation, yoga, tai chi, geroprotectors, and the lung flute, show promise in COPD management. Patients may experience muscle weakness, decreased ability to exercise, disorders of the endocrine system, lung inflammation, anxiety, and depression suggesting that therapies must be tailored to fit the needs of the individual patient. Read more here.