Researchers of Traditional, Complementary, Alternative, & Integrative Medicine and Health

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Complementary and Alternative Treatment in Functional Dyspepsia

The popularity of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in treating functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) has steadily increased in Western countries. We aimed at analyzing available data on CAM effectiveness in functional dyspepsia (FD) patients. Read more here.

Oral Administration of Red Ginseng Extract Promotes Neurorestoration after Compressive Spinal Cord Injury in Rats

Red ginseng and its active ingredients have been shown to decrease neuron death after brain ischemia in experimental animals. However, little is known about the effects of orally administered ginseng extract on spinal cord injury. We orally gave red ginseng extract (RGE) to rats with compressed spinal cord injury (SCI). Open-field locomotor scores were measured as indices of motor function. Histopathological changes and cytokine expressions in situ after SCI were evaluated.

Probiotic Features of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from a Diverse Pool of Traditional Greek Dairy Products Regarding Specific Strain-Host Interactions

The increased consumers’ interest on the positive role of food in wellbeing and health underscores the need to determine new probiotic microorganisms. Triggered by the fact that artisanal food products can be a valuable source of novel probiotic strains, 106 lactic acid bacteria, all isolated from traditional Greek dairy products, namely Feta, Kasseri, Xynotyri, Graviera, Formaela, Galotyri, and Kefalotyri cheeses as well as yogurt and milk, were studied for probiotic properties. Read more here.

The Benefit/Risk Balance of Subcutaneous Injections as Used in Homeopathy and Anthroposophic Medicine: A Narrative Literature Review

This review explores the benefit/risk balance of using subcutaneous injections. Overall, regulatory authorities regard that the use of injectables are only justified for acute cases and that oral products are better alternatives for both ethical and safety reasons. Conversely, CAM Complementary & Alternative Medicine (CAM) pharmaceutical companies and doctors who prescribe injectables consider them to have additional clinical value compared with the oral route of administration (ROA), and consider the risk of the parenteral ROA as very low.

Herbal Medications for Surgical Patients: A Systematic Review Protocol

Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) affect approximately 80% of surgical patients and is associated with increased length of hospital stay and systemic costs. Preoperative and postoperative pain, anxiety and depression are also commonly reported. Recent evidence regarding their safety and effectiveness has not been synthesised.

Influence of the Patient-Practitioner Interaction Context on Acupuncture Outcomes in Functional Dyspepsia: Study Protocol for a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial

In the treatment of functional dyspepsia, the placebo effect has been reported to be high, and the influence of the patient-practitioner relationship may be a major component of this effect. The specific and non-specific effects of acupuncture cannot be easily distinguished, and the patient-practitioner relationship may influence the total therapeutic effect in clinical practice. There have been no studies that investigate the influence of patient-practitioner relationship on acupuncture treatment for patients with functional dyspepsia.

Integrative Medicine in Residency: Feasibility and Effectiveness of an Online Program

Online curricular interventions in residency have been proposed to address challenges of time, cost, and curriculum consistency. This study is designed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a longitudinal, multisite online curriculum in integrative medicine (IMR) for residents. Read more here.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine Among Persons living with HIV in the Era of Combined Antiretroviral Treatment

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), often pursued independent of prescribing clinicians, may interact with traditional treatments, yet CAM use has not been well characterized among people living with HIV (PLWH) in the combined antiretroviral therapy (ART) era. We analyzed data from the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (October 2012–April 2015) to characterize CAM use in PLWH on ART. CAM users were more likely to have lived longer with HIV, report more bothersome symptoms, be prescribed more benzodiazepines and opioids, and consume less nicotine and alcohol.

Phytochemicals and Naturally Occurring Substances in the Chemoprevention of Skin Cancer

Non-melanoma skin cancer outnumbers all other cancers combined by three to four-fold while melanoma is the fifth most common cancer overall, and the deadliest form of skin cancer. Despite treatment advancements in the past several decades, incidence continues to rise. Phytochemicals and other naturally occurring substances may provide sustainable chemopreventive solutions. The purpose of this study is to review the key findings from the literature and report on the level of evidence based on study design.

Characteristics of Adults Who Used Mindfulness Meditation: United States, 2012

To describe estimates of the number and characteristics of persons who had used mindfulness meditation in the U.S. population. Read more here.

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